Anti–Bullying: Guiding Girls Through Relational Aggression (Grades K-12)

Deepening Learning


Online Professional Development Course   View map

The stereotype of a bully is that he’s male, overweight, and a stranger. But a lot of what we are learning about girls is that they hurt their friends. Rachel Simmons, author of Odd Girl Out: The Hidden Culture of Aggression in Girls

This course provides an overview of relational aggression, female bullying, and the dynamics that lead to the causes and effects of this phenomenon. Each succeeding module enriches and leads to in-depth knowledge of the types of relational aggression, what feeds and diminishes the bullying, and how to help girls learn to make positive choices to solve their own friendship problems.

Relational aggression is the predominant method of bullying used by females. Starting as early as 2.5 years, this dynamic can interfere with relationships and academic progress in grade school girls, tweens, and teens. Without understanding the dynamics of relational aggression, many girls don’t realize their ways of relating might actually be bullying. Some girls know exactly what they’re doing. Without intervention, relational aggression can persist.

Beyond the years of formal education, girls and women may continue to be affected by relational aggression, whether the bully, bullied, or bystander. This type of bullying can negatively affect a female in her work world, personal relationships, and leadership potential throughout the rest of her life.

The following course has been divided into the following modules:

  1. Understanding Relational Aggression and Its Relationship to Bullying
  2. Defusing Relational Aggression
  3. Providing Strategies for Teachers
  4. Establishing a Safe and Encouraging Environment
  5. Leveraging School Leadership to Reduce Relational Aggression


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